Study: economic burden of PTSD ‘staggering’

By Mike Richman: For Complete Post, Click Here…

U.S. civilian, military populations combine for more than $230 billion in annual costs.

A new study finds that the national economic burden of PTSD goes beyond direct health care expenses and exceeds the costs of other common mental health conditions, such as anxiety and depression.

The researchers estimated the cost of PTSD at $232.2 billion for 2018, the latest year for which data were available at the time of the study. They called for increased awareness of PTSD, more effective therapies, and the expansion of evidence-based strategies to “reduce the large clinical and economic burden” of that mental health condition.


Study: economic burden of PTSD ‘staggering’

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Open mic

The results appeared online in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry on April 25, 2022.

“The $232 billion annual economic burden of PTSD in the U.S. demonstrated in this study is staggering and fuels the urgency for public and private stakeholders to work together to discover new and better treatments, reduce stigma, improve access to existing treatments, and expand evidence-based recovery and rehabilitation programs,” the researchers write.

In the study, the investigators brought to light the extent to which PTSD not only impacts Veterans, but civilians, as well. The research team found that civilians accounted for 82% of the total PTSD costs, compared with 18% for the military population. That disparity is predicated on the fact that the number of civilians far exceeds that of active-duty military and Veterans. Although PTSD is more prevalent in the military, the number of civilians with PTSD still tops the number of Veterans with that condition.

Davis and her colleagues noted that more studies on PTSD and its treatments are needed to address the rise in civilians with PTSD, calling that phenomenon a “rapidly accumulating societal burden.” Improved access to effective treatments is also needed, especially for people in economically vulnerable situations,” she noted.

Lost at sea: coping with bedbound life

by liminalnest: For Complete Post, Click Here…


In the summer of 2020, I started having what I’m currently referring to as the Epic Flare of 2020. Now that I finally have a little more energy for things other than “surviving”, I thought I would share some of the things that helped me.

As always, feel free to ignore anything not relevant to your situation.

Also of note, while I definitely had some periods where brushing my teeth made me crash for several days, I don’t think I am currently dealing with Post-Exertional Malaise associated with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (aka ME/CFS). This is probably because I know enough people with ME that I just rested…A Lot. So maybe resting a lot is what your body needs, I don’t know. I’ll leave that decision up to you.

I’m going to try to keep this simple so it’s easy to read with low energy and brain fog. This means I’ll be skipping over the detail of my Epic Flare of 2020.

WID’s Online Resource Library

From WID: For Complete Post, Click Here… Did you know that WID has an online library filled with free resources for the disability community and their circles of support? Our resource library includes materials, tools, and external resources that we recommend. Access our resource library:

NMD United: Connecting adults living with neuromuscular disabilities

From NMD: For Complete Post, Click Here… Mission NMD United is a non-profit organization composed of adults living with neuromuscular disabilities. This peer-led organization will foster meaningful interactions and provide informational resources to increase self-direction while promoting independence.

Voters with disabilities score big win in settlement with BOE over vote-by-mail accessibility

By Robbie Sequeira: For Complete Post, Click Here…

On Tuesday, the state Board of Elections settled a 2020 Americans with Disabilities Act lawsuit with a host of disability organizations and will now create a statewide program allowing blind and disabled voters to fill out a remote, accessible vote-by-mail ballot online.

Disability rights groups — including The National Federation of the Blind of New York State, American Council of the Blind of New York, Inc., Center for Independence of the Disabled, New York and Disability Rights New York — took legal action the state’s BOE in May in a bid to make absentee voting accessible for voters with disabilities by the state’s June 28 primary.

The legal matter which was under the jurisdiction of the Southern District of New York alleged the BOE violated the Americans with Disabilities Act by not providing an accessible absentee voting system.

Under the settlement, the state BOE is required to choose a remote accessible vote-by-mail system that allows blind people and people with print disabilities to use their own computers to read and mark a ballot using their own screen-reader software that converts the ballot content into spoken words or into Braille displayed on a connected device.

A Rising Tally of Lonely Deaths on the Streets

By Thomas Fuller: For Complete Post, Click Here…

Their bodies were found on public benches, lying next to bike paths, crumpled under freeway overpasses and stranded on the sun-drenched beach. Across Los Angeles County last year, the unsheltered died in record numbers, an average of five homeless deaths a day, most in plain view of the world around them.

Two hundred eighty-seven homeless people took their last breath on the sidewalk, 24 died in alleys and 72 were found on the pavement, according to data from the county coroner. They were a small fraction of the thousands of homeless people across the country who die each year.

“It’s like a wartime death toll in places where there is no war,” said Maria Raven, an emergency room doctor in San Francisco who co-wrote a study about homeless deaths.

An epidemic of deaths on the streets of American cities has accelerated as the homeless population has aged and the cumulative toll of living and sleeping outdoors has shortened lives. The wider availability of fentanyl, a particularly fast-acting and dangerous drug, has been a major cause of the rising death toll, but many homeless people are dying young of treatable chronic illnesses like heart disease.