by Amanda R. Witwer, Lynn Langton, Michael J. D. Vermeer, Duren Banks, Dulani Woods, Brian A. Jackson: For More Info, Go Here…
Criminal Justice Strategies for Combating Nonconsensual Pornography, Sextortion, Doxing, and Swatting.
Raising awareness about the prevalence, costs, and harms of TFA is critical
- Participants suggested developing a conceptual framework of TFA behaviors and providing school-based public education around internet safety. Participants determined that legislation, measurements of the harms and costs of TFA behaviors, and prioritization by leadership are key to ensuring that TFA cases are prioritized by law enforcement and courts.
Approaches to investigating TFA cases should acknowledge the harm done to victims
- Increased coordination among law enforcement, lawyers, victims’ rights organizations, and service providers would encourage TFA victims to come forward with their cases and would empower them to make decisions about what path of recourse to take.
Criminal justice practitioners often lack the tools to address TFA cases effectively
- Standards and training around the identification, collection, and processing of digital evidence would enable law enforcement to conduct thorough investigations of TFA crimes. Instituting statutes specific to TFA behaviors, accompanied by sentencing guidelines that acknowledge the harms to and vulnerabilities of TFA victims, would allow prosecutors to ensure that TFA sentences are commensurate with harm and that victims’ needs are met.
Participants reported the critical importance of efforts to mitigate the significant, irreparable, and persistent harm experienced by TFA victims
- There is a need for research to evaluate the extent to which existing remedies mitigate harm, tools for the early detection of TFA, and methods for mitigating the effects of TFA and empowering victims.
Deterrence must be at the core of efforts to address TFA
- Statutes that criminalize TFA behaviors might serve as a deterrent for some types of TFA perpetrators, although research is needed to better understand TFA perpetrators and the effectiveness of deterrence approaches.