By Shirley J. Davis: For More Info, Go Here…
There have been some truly remarkable research papers written about complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) in the past few decades. Some of the research focuses exclusively on CPTSD while others can apply to any mental health disorder.
In this article, I’m going to break the ice in the series about complex post-traumatic stress disorder and new research findings.
CPTSD is a psychological disorder formed in response to prolonged exposure to interpersonal trauma. CPTSD forms in the minds of those who have little hope or no chance of escaping the trauma perpetrated against their person.
A study conducted in 2013 concluded that not only were CPTSD and PTSD closely related, but there are also close similarities to borderline personality disorder (BPD) as well (Stevens, Jovanovic, et. al. (2013)1. The similarities allowed researchers to conduct fMRI studies on those with PTSD and use the same data to project that the same damages were in the brains of people who live with CPTSD.
Interestingly, some people traumatized individuals may not show symptoms for many years after the traumatic event. In fact, a paper published in the Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Review found that trauma-exposed people who presented without PTSD showed significantly smaller hippocampal volume, smaller amygdalae, and smaller cortical regions than healthy control subjects.
Not only were those brain regions affected, but regions that control intellect, such as the corpus callosum (the wiring of the brain) and smaller than average frontal lobe volume (the seat of intelligence) (Karl, Schaefer, et. al. (2006).3